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Wednesday, April 26 • 10:30am - 12:00pm
Dispositional Traits and Political Outcomes: Examining the Relationship Between Big 5 Factors and Facets, Right Wing Authoritarianism, and Voting Behavior

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In light of recent political events in the United States, there has been renewed interest in the relationship between personality and political outcomes. This study investigates the relationship between dispositional traits (e.g., the Big Five), political psychology variables (e.g., right wing authoritarianism), and political outcomes (e.g., voting behaviors). Previous research on the relationship between dispositional traits and political outcomes consistently suggests a relationship between Openness and political liberalism (Jost 2003, Ozer and Benet Martinez 2006) as well as a somewhat weaker relationship between Conscientiousness and political conservatism (Ozer and Benet Martinez 2006, Gerber 2010). Evidence also suggests a possible relationship between facets of Agreeableness and political orientation (Carney 2008, Caprara et al 1999). We believe that by examining dispositional traits as conceived by McCrae and Costa (1985) at the facet, rather than the factor level, as measured by the NEO- PI- R we can gain an improved understanding of the relationship between dispositional traits and political outcomes. The sample (n = 148) consists of highly religious and politically active adults from the Chicago metro area. We hypothesize that: (H1) Consistent with previous findings, political liberalism and Openness will be positively correlated. (H2) Order and Self Discipline will be positively correlated with political conservatism. (H3) The factor Agreeableness may not be related to political outcomes because the individual facets that comprise the factor are split between political outcomes, i.e., Straightforwardness and Compliance will be positively correlated with political conservatism whereas Tender-Mindedness and Altruism will be positively correlated with political liberalism. (H4) The Dutifulness facet of Conscientiousness will be positively correlated with RWA scores, but not self identified party identification. Furthermore, exploratory analyses will examine the multivariate relationship between the Big 5, right wing authoritarianism and political outcomes. Statistical results will be presented and discussed in light of relevant theory.

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Wednesday April 26, 2017 10:30am - 12:00pm
Concourse - Wilma Sherrill Center

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